The Nazis and their youth wings placed great importance on the division between the sexes. Boys were raised as political soldiers and girls were taught to be wives and mothers, breeding the next generation. Girls were not encouraged to have ambitions beyond the home. In the girls’ League they were taught cooking, cleaning and childcare. Their clothes and hair were based on very traditional peasant styles. Summer camps were a highlight of the youth wings’ calendar. They brought children of different backgrounds together, introduced city children to the countryside and gave some the first holidays they had ever had. However, their main function was military training.
This clip could be used to highlight the constrasting experiences of girls and boys in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1939. What do students think about this reinforcement of gender stereotypes and how does it compare with their attitudes today?