A look at how fish are adapted to live in water, including the use of camouflage. At the Sea Life Centre in Brighton, there are sea creatures of different types, shapes and colours with one thing in common – they are all well adapted to life in water. One such adaptation is the use of camouflage. Some fish use a dull, plain colour to blend in with their background, while others, such as tropical fish, are brightly coloured to match the coral of their habitat.
Students could be shown pictures of different aquatic habitats, such as a coral reef or rock pool, and be asked to consider what type of animal would be well suited to this environment. They could consider how an animal may have adapted to find food in this environment, to protect itself from predators, or to survive difficult conditions such as extreme hot or cold. Students could then match a selection of animals to their underwater habitat. Working in small groups, students could research other aquatic animals and present to the class how these assigned animals have adapted to their environment.
Alternatively, students could consider the fact that it takes millions of years for animals to adapt but through human activity their habitat could be changed very quickly. Examples of this human impact include pollution, global warming or overfishing. Ask students to consider the impact of human activity on a selection of animals, and consider how the survival of these animals could be supported. Students could create their own classroom campaign to conserve these aquatic species.