Hadrian's Wall in Northern England was built to mark the boundaries of the Roman Empire and to keep the Scots out. Constructed after the visit of Emperor Hadrian in 122 AD by the Roman army, Hadrian's Wall was constructed and protected by the Roman soldiers living in forts alongside it. The wall is 120 km long and was the furthest frontier of the Roman Empire.
Play the clip without the soundtrack and encourage pupils to speculate about what is being shown onscreen, using just the clues in the graphics. (This helps to rehearse and enlist pupils’ prior knowledge of the Roman invasion of Britain.) Challenge pupils to recall five key facts, once they have heard the commentary. Replay the clip, this time with sound. After, ask pupils to supply all the facts they can recall. (This encourages pupils to note and remember detail.) The children could go on to discover how much of Hadrian's Wall still remains and to track down images of it in books and online. What was the Antonine Wall built from? Is anything left of the Antonine Wall? What do pupils think happened to all the stone blocks now missing from Hadrian's Wall?