Sediment is moved along the coastline in a process known as longshore drift. The prevailing wind blows waves carrying sediment into the beach at an angle, the waves break on the shore and as the water runs back into the sea it carries the sediment back down the beach, perpendicular to the angle of the shoreline under the influence of gravity. This results in a zigzag motion as sediment is transported along the coastline. This process means that over time beaches can change shape. Groynes can be built to interrupt the flow of longshore drift, but inevitably some sand and gravel can escape. Longshore drift can form spits were the line of the coast changes sharply, for example at a river estuary. There are several examples of spits along the Welsh coastline.

This clip is from:
World Physical
First broadcast:
21 February 2008

To develop understanding of processes and landforms, students could watch the clip without the commentary and try to write one as they watch. They could then read out their comments and try to justify their ideas. They could then watch again with the sound and compare their ideas with the real commentary. Finally, they could develop a labelled sequence of diagrams of the formation of a spit from the clips and their commentary.