Trevor McDonald's explanation as to why he enjoys and can identify with an extract from Jamila Gavin's 'Out of India' shows how writers can bridge the gap between what they write and how the reader reads it. McDonald focuses on word and sentence level features, describing how the language conveys images, how the use of repetition provides a poetic quality and rhythm to the extract and how the sentence variety is key to the impact of the piece.

Prepare a written version of the text extract featured in the clip in advance, give each student a copy and ask them to annotate it with what it means to them, what words suggest, whether they can picture the images etc. Watch the clip and ask students to compare their responses with those of the speaker in the clip and explore any similarities and differences as an introduction to examining what the possible effects of a text, on the reader, might be.