The Civil Rights Movement challenged segregation on public transport. In 1955, activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, to a white man. Her arrest led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the end of transport segregation in America. It also propelled Martin Luther King into the media spotlight.

First broadcast:
4 November 2008

Look in more detail at the Civil Rights Movement’s protest methods. Compare with other causes and other forms of direct action. Students could research and produce a profile on Rosa Parks, explaining how she came to make this protest.