The Civil Rights Movement challenged segregation on public transport. In 1955, activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, to a white man. Her arrest led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the end of transport segregation in America. It also propelled Martin Luther King into the media spotlight.

First broadcast:
4 November 2008

Look in more detail at the civil rights movement’s protest methods. Compare with other causes and other forms of direct action. Discuss the combination of moral, legal and economic tactics used. Students could research and produce a profile on Rosa Parks, explaining how she came to make this protest. The case provides an opportunity to look back at the growth of the civil rights movement. A timeline could be produced of protests and actions that led to this point: This could include Plessy v Ferguson, 1896; formation of the NAACP, similar transport related protests of Irene Morgan, Sarah Louise Keys and others.