Following the death of Francis, Mary returned to Scotland. Although she publicly supported and relied upon Protestant nobles, privately Mary insisted on attending Catholic mass. John Knox was suspicious that she was merely biding her time before attempting to make Scotland a Catholic nation again.

First broadcast:
25 January 2002

The clip raises the conflict between Mary Queen of Scots and John Knox. It could support discussion on the religious influence of the monarchy. Look into the role of James Stewart, Earl of Moray in arranging the compromise that allowed Mary to have her own private mass and then in rebutting Knox’s attempt to disrupt her worship at Holyrood Abbey. How was the relationship between the Lords of the Congregation and Knox changed by these events?