The most famous example of a Scot who was successful in the USA was Andrew Carnegie. He arrived with his father in 1848 and built a multi-million dollar business empire in the steel industry. Although he was accused of buying out competitors and depressing wages, many later benefited from his philanthropy.

The example of Carnegie can be used to explore many aspects of industrial relations. He would be of particular interest to students from his native Dunfermline or any area that has a Carnegie Library. Students could discuss the contrast between his business practices and his philanthropy. Consider the lasting cultural impact of Carnegie in Scotland and the USA in particular.