After the American Civil War of 1861–1865, the growth of cities and the railroads led to greater contact between blacks and whites in the American South. Southerners felt the need to introduce a specific legal system of racial control. After the 1875 Civil Rights Act was struck down as unconstitutional, the door was open for Southern states to introduce 'Jim Crow' laws on segregation.

First broadcast:
4 November 2008

The clip can be used as historical background to study of the Civil Rights movement. Students could look in more depth at the Jim Crow laws, what they were and how they were enforced. Compare the laws to the earlier Black Codes while exploring the Reconstruction period following the Civil War.