A description of the relative rates of urbanisation in rich and poor countries. The Industrial Revolution led to rapid urban growth in the richest nations. After 1950 LEDCs experienced similar rates of urbanisation. Cities in LEDCs are now growing at a faster rate than those in MEDCs. Despite their slower rate of growth, cities in MEDCs consume far more resources than their counterparts in LEDCs. MEDC cities experience a variety of social and economic problems. However, the pace of urbanisation in LEDC cities places a particular strain on the provision of basic services and infrastructure. One consequence is the development of shanty towns.
Use to describe global population growth since 1800. Discuss why LEDC urban growth is faster than MEDC urban growth. Consider India, China and Brazil which present a more complex picture that the split into MEDCs and LEDCs. Investigate why MEDCs consume more resources and look into the rate at which some countries and cities are catching up on this level of consumption. Discuss issues such as crime, drug addiction and loneliness in urban areas. To what extent are these universal? Consider how the pace of urbanisation places stress on basic services and look at case studies where these issues have become major problems, or where they are being tackled.