What life was like for children who worked in the mines during the Industrial Revolution. Huge amounts of coal were needed and children as young as five worked at jobs that were dangerous and exhausting. Trappers kept the airflow going which stopped the build-up of dangerous gases. Drawers dragged truckloads of coal to the surface. Older children operated the mine shaft pulleys. Pay and working conditions were poor and life expectancy short.

First broadcast:
29 February 2008

As they watch the clip, pupils could make a list of the jobs children did in the coal mines. How dangerous was it for children in the mines? How essential were children to the smooth running of the coal mines? Why do pupils think children worked in coal mines? They could then, if they had already looked at factory children, be asked about the differences between working in a coal mine and in a factory.