20,000 people died and 100,000 lost their homes in the 2001 earthquake at Bhuj, Gujarat, in India. Poor countries simply cannot afford engineering solutions as part of their hazard management plans, therefore the damage is greater than for comparable sized earthquakes in more economically developed countries. It is the buildings that kill people, not the earthquakes. The importance of ensuring fresh water supplies and fixing the infrastructure (roads etc) is explained.
Can be used to stimulate discussion in the classroom. How are people killed when an earthquake strikes, and what can be done to reduce the death toll in a) the immediate aftermath of an earthquake and b) by preparing for future earthquakes?