A description of the landforms and land use in the lower course of the River Tay, Scotland. In its lower course, a river is wider, deeper and has larger meanders. By this stage a river may develop other features such as islands, deltas, oxbow lakes and braids. The Tay has a short lower course and the floodplain has been heavily built upon. Perth's North Newton estate suffered badly in the 1993 floods. Perth's docks are an important source of income for the city. The river must be constantly dredged so it remains navigable.
Students could compare the lower course of the Tay with another river, noting their similarities and differences and finding factors behind these. Students could label maps and diagrams with the key features of a lower course and estuary. Use Perth as a case study of settlement on a river. Use maps and images from different time periods to explain the development of the city at this location. Investigate the advantages and disadvantages of the city’s position, examining how floods have been dealt with at different times.