A pond dipping session introduces learning about herbivores, carnivores, predators and the reliance of some creatures on others for food. All the plants and creatures in a pond form a community together. Some rely on each other for their wellbeing and some creatures compete with each other. A group of children have been pond dipping and found mayflies, small fish, water lice, water snails, water fleas, sticklebacks, water boatmen and a great diving beetle. The water snail hides in plants for shelter and also eats the plants. It is a herbivore, a vegetarian creature which only eats plants. A stickleback eats water fleas and is a carnivore. The water boatman has predators such as great diving beetles and sticklebacks, which are in competition for the same food item.
Show the clip and then ask the children to come up with attributes describing carnivores and herbivores as introduced in the clip. Perhaps show images of other animals and ask the children to link them to one of the terms. What indications are there that an animal is a carnivore? Children could be invited to choose an animal from the ones presented and write a menu for it with a starter, main course and dessert. You could also look at the words predator and prey. Perhaps hand out images of predators and their prey and ask the children to find their 'food partners'.