Before Scottish emigants could begin farming the Canadian frontier, they first had the difficult task of clearing forests, constructing buildings and preparing the land for crops.

Another big attraction to Canada was the money to be earned from the fur trade. Dr John Rae from Orkney became a fur trader, but unlike others he adopted the ways and methods of Native Americans to survive the harsh conditions of Northern Canada.

First broadcast:
4 March 2004

The clip can lead to study of Dr John Rae and his involvement with searching for the Franklin expedition that perished in the mid 19th century while searching for the North West Passage. Students may wish to look into the cultures and lifestyles of Native Americans, including the Inuit and Cree. How were these peoples affected by meetings with Scottish migrants?