With an empire that ruled over a quarter of the world's population, Britain in 1914 was an immensely powerful country. At home, British life was strictly stratified into a class system. The upper and middle class people were brought up to believe the lower classes were dirty and inferior, although they were prepared to employ them as servants. There were over two million servants in Britain at the turn of the century (80% of the population).
Students could produce three separate spider diagrams for upper class, middle class and working class. Within each diagram, they should note down relationships between each class and a range of different categories, including work, leisure, aspirations, living conditions, food and leisure. Students could then compare thoughts and discuss the differences. In relation to the First World War, students should also consider the implications of class division and the imbalance of wealth distribution across the country - and investigate reasons why Britain wasn’t as prepared as people imagined.