Children born to wealthy families in Rome or near the heart of the Empire would have had a comfortable life, with their own tutor, or pedagogue, to instruct them. Parents who could afford it would send their boys to school, but girls were expected to work or help their parents at home. Most poor children had no education and had to work. Other children were sold as slaves as soon as they were born.

First broadcast:
14 November 2008

Students could compare what life was like for different classes of Roman society. Childhood in Roman times could be compared to modern life and other historic periods.