From 1915, social injustice, poverty and fear drove half a million African Americans from the South to the North, in what was called The Great Migration. In the North, African Americans had to live in ghettos and still faced segregation, but new economic opportunities were available to them. The release of the film 'The Birth of a Nation' led to increased racism and the growth of the Ku Klux Klan.

First broadcast:
4 November 2008

Produce two lists detailing living conditions for African Americans in the South and the North and relate these to push and pull factors that led to the great migration. Look in more detail at the attitude and activities of the Ku Klux Klan. This could be split into the three main periods of Klan activity, 1860s and 70s, 1915-1944 and 1950s and 60s. In each case look at reasons why people joined, based on the negative factors they wished to prevent and the positive factors they wanted to benefit from. The example of 'Birth of a Nation' could link to a study of media influence. Explore how the iconography of the Klan can be traced through the film and the books it was based on back to the romanticised views of old Scotland and England portrayed by the works of Sir Walter Scott.