While Mary Queen of Scots remained in France, her mother, Mary of Guise, governed in her place. This proved unpopular in Scotland because Mary of Guise was a foreigner, a woman and a Catholic. In opposition to her rule, a small band of Protestant noblemen formed a group called the ‘Lords of the Congregation’.

First broadcast:
25 January 2002

Introduce the political and religious issues facing Mary's mother, Mary of Guise. Look at the changing treatment of Protestants under Mary’s Regency. Why were they treated with greater leniency? Was it for their support? Were they less of a threat with Mary Tudor on the English throne? The clip could spark off further study of John Knox and his place in the Scottish Reformation.