# Horizontal and vertical lines

## Learning focus

Learn how to identify different types of lines, including vertical, horizontal, parallel and perpendicular.

This lesson includes:

- a quiz
- a learning summary
- a video
- two activities

# Quiz

Test your knowledge of vertical and horizontal lines in this quiz.

# Learn

We see lines everywhere around us all the time, for example on buildings, books, televisions, photo frames, roads etc.

Did you know that different types of lines have different names?

## Types of lines

A

**vertical**line goes up and down.A

**horizontal**line goes left to right.

Why not have a look around and see if you can find any horizontal and vertical lines?

Now have a look at the pencils below. Can you count how many **vertical** and **horizontal** pencils there are?

How many did you find? You can see that there are 4 vertical pencils and 4 horizontal pencils.

Now watch this video to find out how to recognise **parallel** lines and **perpendicular** lines.

# Practise

## Activity 1

**Parallel names**

Write your name in capital letters, like in the example below.

- How many pairs of
**parallel**lines can you find? How many pairs of

**perpendicular**lines?Which capital letter has the most

**parallel**lines in it?- Which capital letter has the most
**perpendicular**lines in it?

## Activity 2

**House of lines**

This is a two-player game.

Pick a room in your house!

**Player 1** gets a point for every pair of parallel lines they can find in the room.

**Player 2** gets a point for every pair of perpendicular lines they can find.

The player with the most points wins!

# Play

Play **Guardians: Defenders of Mathematica** to learn more and sharpen your skills on this topic.

# There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources.