What is Christianity?

Christianity is focussed on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, who Christians believe to be the Son of God. Jesus was born in Bethlehem in the Middle East over 2,000 years ago.

What do Christians believe?

Christians believe there is only one God, but that he is revealed in three different forms:

  • God the Father
  • God the Son
  • The Holy Spirit

Christians model themselves on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Jesus taught people to love God and love their neighbour.

Christians believe that God sent Jesus to live as a human being in order to save humanity from the consequences of its sins - the bad things humanity had chosen to do which had separated them from God.

Christians believe that through the death and resurrection of Jesus this broken relationship with God is restored.

Jesus preaching to His followers

What is the Christian holy book?

The Christian holy book is the Bible. It is divided into the Old and New Testaments.

The New Testament explains how God sent his only son, Jesus Christ, to restore the broken relationship between people and God which had been caused by human wrong-doing.

Jesus was executed on a cross (Crucifixion) as a criminal by the Romans, and according to Christian teaching after three days he rose from the dead (the Resurrection).

A Christian bible

Can you rearrange this puzzle?

Where do Christians worship?

Many Christians worship in churches. Some groups meet in homes and other buildings. 'Church' means the gathering of Christians as well as the building in which Christians worship. Their leaders are called priests or ministers.

Many churches hold a service called Communion, Eucharist or Mass, in which bread and wine are shared together, just as Jesus did with his followers before his death.

Christianity in pictures

Church of Saint Andrew, Kettleburgh, Suffolk

A Christian church

Christian churches are a familiar sight in the UK. The main part where worshippers sit is called a nave. Many churches, such as this one in Suffolk, have tall towers at the western end which house bells. Sometimes the towers will have steep spires added to them.

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Where next?

What is Easter?
What is Lent?
Bitesize Primary KS2