Days of the week and joining words

Home learning focus

To be able to identify the days of the week as proper nouns and use them in sentences containing joining words.

This lesson includes:

  • a short introduction recapping the days of the week
  • video introducing you to common and proper nouns
  • a video explaining joining words
  • three activities to do at home


Days of the week
The days of the week are: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday.

When we write the days of the week, we always use a capital letter.

Common, proper nouns and capitals

Common nouns are the names of things. These don't use a capital letter unless they are at the start of a sentence.

Proper nouns are the names of a specific person, place or thing. These always start with a capital letter.

For example:

  • The word girl is a common noun, so doesn't start with a capital (unless its at the start of a sentence).

  • The name Jessica is a proper noun, because it is the name of a particular girl, so always starts with a capital letter.

We also use a capital letter at the start of a new sentence and when using the word I to talk about ourselves. For example: Most weeks, on Monday, I play my favourite game.

Watch the video below to find out more.

Find out more about common and proper nouns.

Joining words

Joining words are words that join two clauses together. They are words like and, because, if and when.

Watch the short video below to find out more.

Conjunctions are also known as joining words.

The good thing about because, if and when is that we can use them at the beginning or the middle of a sentence.

For example: I was late because I missed the bus.

Because I missed the bus, I was late.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Writing some sentences

As you have learnt, we use capital letters in a variety of ways.

They are used:

  • at the beginning of a sentence
  • for proper nouns (names, places, countries, days of the week, nationalities, languages)
  • when using I to talk about yourself

Try writing five sentences that uses capital letters for all three reasons above. Make sure you include a joining word in your sentence too. Once you've finished, circle the capital letters and explain why they are capital letters.

Here is an example: My sister, Becky, watched a film with me but I did not like it.

Activity 2: Let's write about other people

Watch the short video about Joe Wicks and then try writing some sentences about it.

Find out about Joe Wicks' five favourite exercises.

Joe Wicks talked about five different exercises in his video. Can you remember what they were?

Write a sentences about each of them.

  • Remember to use capital letters correctly.
  • Include joining words in each of your sentences.

Here is an example: Joe Wicks exercised his upper body when punching the air for thirty seconds.

Activity 3: Days of the week in sentences

Imagine you are recording your exercises or activities in a diary.

  • Record what activities you did on each day of the week.
  • Make sure you use joining words to add more information to your sentences.
  • See if you can use some of your joining words in different parts of your sentences.

Here are two examples:
On Monday, I went on a bike ride with my parents and then I did some English work.
I did some English work and went for a bike ride with my parents on Monday.

Where next?

In this lesson you have used capital letters in your writing for a number of purposes and have used joining words in sentences.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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