Writing non-fiction

Learning focus

To use joining words in sentences based on facts about minibeasts.

This lesson includes:

  • an introduction to joining words

  • a video about minibeasts to help you learn new facts for your own writing

  • three activities


When writing, you can use joining words to link sentences or ideas together. Joining words are and, or, but, because and if.

For example, look at these two sentences:

I went swimming. I find it fun.

By using a joining word to link them, you can create a longer sentence and connect two ideas:

I went swimming because I find it fun.

Watch this video about minibeasts carefully, and see what new facts you can learn. Then try the activities below.

Discover different minibeasts


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Let's make a list

Writing a list of information or facts about something can help you write new sentences of your own.

How many different minibeasts did you see in the video?

Write some short sentences saying which minibeasts you saw. See if you can write six sentences like these:

  • I saw a snail.
  • I saw a spider.

Once you've made your list, try using the word and to join your sentences together, to make longer ones.

For example: I saw a snail and a spider.

Activity 2: Making a fact file

  • Get a piece of paper and fold it into four quarters (ask someone to help you if you need).
  • Choose three minibeasts from the video and give each one a name.
  • Then write a sentence about each minibeast making sure you use joining words to link ideas together.

For example:

Sally the snail has a soft body and a hard shell because it protects her.

Activity 3: Let's make a game

Draw six big squares on a piece of paper and then cut out each square. Ask someone to help you with this if you need.

On one side of each square write the name of a minibeast (you could draw a picture of it too). Then on the other side of the square write a sentence about that minibeast. Make sure you use joining words to include extra detail.

For example:

I can move really quickly because I have eight legs.

Once you've finished your six squares, test other people around you to see how many of your minibeasts they can guess from your sentences!

Where next?

In this lesson you have learned how to write sentences that use joining words, based on facts you have found out about minibeasts.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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