# The 8 times table

## Learning focus

Learn the 8 times table and its division facts.

This lesson includes:

- a catch-up quiz
- a learning summary

# Quiz

Check your knowledge of the 8 times table in this short quiz.

# Learn

The 8 times table is double the 4 times table. The 4 times table is double the 2 times table. That’s a lot of doubling!

But that’s not the only trick that can help you learn the times table facts.

Here is the 8 times table. Take a close look at the the **tens** column and the ones column.

The 8 times table |
---|

1 x 8 = 08 |

2 x 8 = 16 |

3 x 8 = 24 |

4 x 8 = 32 |

5 x 8 = 40 |

6 x 8 = 48 |

7 x 8 = 56 |

8 x 8 = 64 |

9 x 8 = 72 |

10 x 8 = 80 |

11 x 8 = 88 |

12 x 8 = 96 |

The **ones** column decreases in twos starting from 8:

*8, 6, 4, 2, 0, 8, 6, 4, 2, 0*

Notice how, when it gets to 0, it starts again from 8?

The **tens** column also has a pattern. It increases by 1 each time, but when it gets to 4 and 8 it repeats:

**1, 2, 3, 4, 4 , 5, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9**

Improve your knowledge of the 8 times table with this routine from Supermovers:

## Example 1

**What does this array represent?**

It represents a multiplication in the 8 times table. Count the top row and the left-hand column to find out which one.

Count the apples along the top row. There are 8.

Now count the apples in the left-hand column. There are 5.

There are 8 lots of 5 (or 5 lots of 8). You can write this as 8 x 5 or 5 x 8.

*8 x 5 = 40*

## Example 2

**What is 48 ÷ 8?**

Bar models can help you visualise a calculation.

Let's divide this bar model into 8 sections.

Now all you have to work out is how many 8s are in 48. There are 6.

Therefore:

48 ÷ 8 = *6*

## Example 3

**There are 11 octopuses swimming near the shore. How many legs are there altogether?**

We know that octopuses have 8 legs, so the equation we need to work out is 11 x 8.

We know from the 8 times table that:

8 x 11 = 88

So, there are *88 legs* altogether.

For more help multiplying a 2-digit by a 1-digit number, you can go to this lesson.

# Play

Play **Guardians: Defenders of Mathematica** to learn more and sharpen your skills on this topic.

# There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.