Introduction to North America - San Francisco

Home learning focus

Learn about the city of San Francisco and the wider continent of North America.

This lesson includes:

  • one animation about San Francisco

  • a list of key words to help when describing places

  • three activities to build on your knowledge


San Francisco is in California. California is one of 50 states that make up the United States of America - USA - in the continent of North America.

Watch this short animation in which Freya's Uncle Bob, in San Francisco, has invented an app. Can you guess what the app does?

Learn about the city of San Francisco with Freya and Mike.

San Francisco is on the coast and it's very hilly.

Some hills are so steep, there are staircases in them, so that they are easier to climb up!

To make it easier for cars to drive up the steep roads, some streets zig-zag up the side of hills.

The famous Lombard street in San Francisco is so steep that the road is zig zagged.

World words

Use these words to help you when describing cities like San Francisco.

  • Coast - an area where the land meets the sea or ocean.
  • Harbour - a protected place by the coast where ships can be tied up to shelter from bad weather.
  • Hill - an area of land that is higher than the land around it.
  • Island - an area of land surrounded by water.
  • Office - a room or a building where people work.
Sea lions are found on Pier 39 in San Francisco.


There are lots of fun things to do to help you remember what you've learnt about North America and San Francisco.

Here are a few you could try.

Activity 1

Do you remember what we saw in the San Francisco?

Drag the things that Freya and Mike saw in San Francisco onto the picture in the game below.

Activity 2

Create a poster

For this activity you will need coloured pencils, a pencil and paper.

Imagine you are persuading a friend to visit San Francisco. Create a colourful fact sheet poster based on what you've learnt about the city.

Download and print out the activity sheet below from Britannica Digital Learning or draw the poster on a piece of paper.

Create a poster activity sheet

Activity 3

Play Pirate Bunnies: World Adventures

Are you ready for an adventure?

Hop on Captain Carrot’s ship and explore the UK and the rest of the world with the Pirate Bunnies.

You can earn treasure by completing quests.

Click to play the game

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

More lessons for Year 1 and P2
KS1 Geography on BBC Bitesize
KS1 Geography on BBC Teach
The Golden Gate Bridge
Learn about San Francisco
Build a bridge activity
San Francisco quizzes