What is a story?

Home learning focus

To learn what stories are and understand that they can be split up in to sections; a beginning, middle and an end.

This lesson includes:

  • an introduction to fiction and non-fiction

  • an introduction to story structure

  • three activities to do at home


There are different types of stories, there are fiction and non-fiction.

Fiction stories are made up, you need to use your imagination when you are writing them. Types of fiction include plays, stories and poems.

Non-fiction stories are not made up. They are about facts. There are many different types of non-fiction writing, such as newspapers, adverts, brochures, reference books and biographies.

Watch this short video to find out more.

Find out the difference between fiction and non fiction.

Most stories have a beginning, middle and end.

  • In the beginning, establish your setting and characters.
  • In the middle, you could add conflict and a problem to solve.
  • At the end there could be a dramatic rescue. The ending could be happy or sad.

Watch this video to find out more.

See if you can spot the beginning, middle and end in this story.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: What makes a good story?

Watch this video and then try answering the questions below.

Listen carefully to the story and try and pick out what makes it a good story.

Write some short sentences to answer these two questions. Remember to use capital letters and punctuation correctly.

  • What makes a good story?
  • What is your favourite story?

Once you've done this, think about the story you listened to.

  • Draw a line and write five events that happened in that story in the order that they happened.

Activity 2: Favourite words

Take a look at the table below and see if you can fill in the missing spaces with your own words. You can also choose your own category for new words. The first few have been done for you.

words relating to the weatherwords that describe feelingswords that describe a settingverbs (action words)your category
wethappyscarydancing- - - - -
- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -
- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -

This table will help you when you write your own story.

Activity 3: Helping MC Ernie with story time

MC Ernie needs your help reading stories to the children at the Library.

Play the 'Punctuation' mini game on Small Town Superheroes. Use the yellow arrows to navigate to the Ernie section to find the Punctuation game.

If you can, open the game in a new tab. You can do this by right clicking on the window and selecting open link in new tab.

Click to play the game

Where next?

In this lesson you have learned about different types of stories and have written some sentences about stories.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

There's more to learn

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