Short and long multiplication

Home learning focus

Learn how to solve short and long multiplication problems.

This includes:

  • one video

  • two activities

Learn

Short multiplication

To multiply 237 by 4 without using a calculator, you can set it out like this:

1. Start with 4 x 7, which is 28, so write the 8 and carry the 2 to the tens column.
2. 4 x 3 = 12, but remember to add the carried 2 to get 14. Write the 4 and carry the 1 to the hundreds column.
3. 4 x 2 = 8, and we add the carried 1 to get 9.

Therefore:

237 x 4 = 948

This method is called short multiplication.

Long multiplication

This Hodder Education video explains the process for solving long multiplication problems and has a few challenges you can complete.

from Hodder education

Practise

Activity 1

One-digit number multiplication worksheet

Recap on multiplication by a one-digit number with this worksheet from Twinkl.

One-digit number multiplication worksheet

Activity 2

Long multiplication worksheet

Challenge your skills at multiplying two-digit numbers with this worksheet from Maths-Whizz.

Long multiplication worksheet

Click here for the answer sheet.

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

BBC Bitesize Daily
KS2 Maths
Primary games
Join the Super Movement!
7 - 11 Maths
KS2 English