# Short and long multiplication

## Home learning focus

Learn how to solve short and long multiplication problems.

This includes:

one video

two activities

# Learn

### Short multiplication

To multiply 237 by 4 without using a calculator, you can set it out like this:

**1.** Start with 4 x 7, which is 28, so write the 8 and carry the 2 to the tens column.**2.** 4 x 3 = 12, but remember to add the carried 2 to get 14. Write the 4 and carry the 1 to the hundreds column.**3.** 4 x 2 = 8, and we add the carried 1 to get 9.

Therefore:

237 x 4 = 948

This method is called short multiplication.

### Long multiplication

This Hodder Education video explains the process for solving long multiplication problems and has a few challenges you can complete.

# Practise

## Activity 1

**One-digit number multiplication worksheet**

Recap on multiplication by a one-digit number with this worksheet from Twinkl.

## Activity 2

**Long multiplication worksheet**

Challenge your skills at multiplying two-digit numbers with this worksheet from Maths-Whizz.

Click here for the answer sheet.

# There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.