Using phonics

Home learning focus

To build your vocabulary by using your knowledge of phonics.

This lesson includes:

  • a game to practise your phonics skills

  • three activities to do at home


Play the 'Tricky Word Endings' mini game on Small Town Superheroes. Use the yellow arrows to navigate to the 'Steve' section to find the 'Tricky Word Endings' game. Challenge yourself by playing the hard level.

If you can, open the game in a new tab. You can do this by right clicking on the window and selecting open link in new tab.

Click to play the game

Once you've completed the mini game, try the activities below.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Let's find some endings

  • Get your favourite book. If you can't find one, speak to an adult and ask them to find a piece of reading material that's appropriate (it could be an article from a newspaper or magazine).
  • Look at the words in the book and see how many words you can spot that use the following endings: er, ed, es, ll and ly.
  • Try and find three words for each word ending.

If you can't get hold of any reading material, just think of words that use those endings yourself.

Here are some examples:


Activity 2: Finding out about rubbish

What do you think happens to our rubbish?

Watch the video below and then try the activity.

Try to listen out for unfamiliar words.

Were there many words you were unfamiliar with in that video?

  • Try writing the words that were unfamiliar to you.
  • Once you've completed your list, quiz someone in your house about them and see if they know what they mean.
  • Then write one sentence using at least one of the words from your list. For example, if one of your words was environment, your sentence could be: The environment will be damaged if people don't recycle.

Activity 3: Let's create a list

When you go shopping, you will notice that food and drink comes in lots of different packaging.

Have a look online or in your kitchen and try listing items you have in to the following sections:

Cardboard boxPlastic boxPlastic bottleGlass jarTin can
Breakfast cerealButterOrange squashJamBaked beans

The first row has been filled in for you. See how many items you can find for each material around your home.

  • Once you've completed your list, pick five items from your list and write a sentence for them.
  • Make sure you use at least one of the following word endings in each of your sentences: er, ed, es, ll, or ly.
  • Use capital letters and punctuation correctly.

For example: Baked beans are tightly packed into a tin can.

Where next?

In this lesson you have expanded your vocabulary by exploring word endings and writing sentences using them with unfamiliar words.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

There's more to learn

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