Writing descriptive sentences

Learning focus

To use adjectives (describing words) and joining words to create descriptive sentences.

This lesson includes:

  • one video about using adjectives and expanded noun phrases in your writing

  • three activities


Describing words are also known as adjectives. They describe nouns (the names of things or of places).

You can use lots of adjectives in your sentences.

For example: My garden is full of lovely, colourful flowers.

In this sentence, flowers is a noun, and lovely, colourful are adjectives.

When we add adjectives to a noun to give more information about it, it is called an expanded noun phrase.

Watch this video to learn more.

Learn about how to add description to your writing using adjectives.

To add even more detail to your descriptions, you can join ideas together using words like:

  • and
  • because
  • if
  • when
  • but

For example:

My garden is full of lovely, colourful flowers and it attracts lots of interesting wildlife.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Let's watch Barnaby

Watch this short video.

Learn all about allotments with Barnaby Bear.

After watching the video, explain to somebody at home what an allotment is.

  • Make sure you include lots of describing words, like small and colourful.
  • You can watch the video again and make notes, if it helps.
  • See if you can talk for 40 seconds to somebody, describing what an allotment is.

Ready, steady, go!

Activity 2: Creating a magical plant

Imagine you could create a magical plant. What would it be?

Consider the following questions:

  • what would be magical about your plant?
  • would something magical grow on it?
  • what does your magical plant look like?
  • does the magical plant have a name?

Write six sentences about your magical creation.

Remember to:

  • include lots of describing words
  • use joining words to link your ideas. For example, and, but, because, if and when.

Here is an example.

My magical plant is called Chocolato because it grows delicious, mini chocolate bars instead of leaves. When you break a chocolate off, another one grows straightaway. Chocolato is the most unusual plant ever. If you look after it really carefully, beautiful, shiny chocolate flowers might grow. You have to be careful though because you could get a nasty tummy-ache if you eat too much.

Activity 3: Use your imagination

Choose four people that you know - these could be friends or family - and list all the things that each person really loves.

Then think of a magical plant for each person. For example, if one of your friends really loves football, you could have a tree that is covered in lots of footballs.

Draw each magical plant then label them with adjectives (describing words) to explain their special features.

Where next?

In this lesson you have used adjectives and joining words to write descriptive sentences.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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