Using full stops, capital letters and joining words

Home learning focus

To understand how to correctly use full stops and capital letters when writing sentences that include joining words.

This lesson includes:

  • a short introduction to capital letters and full stops

  • a video explaining joining words

  • three activities to do at home


When we write a sentence we always use a capital letter at the start and punctuation at the end (usually a full stop).

For example: This is an example of how to use capital letters and full stops.

Joining words

Conjunctions are also know as joining words. These are words that join clauses together. A clause is a group of words that contain a noun and a verb. Watch this short video to find out more.

Conjunctions are also known as joining words.

The word and is a joining word that can be used in different ways.

It can be used to add some more information. For example:
My monster likes ice-cream and ketchup.

The word and can also be used to join two different clauses together. For example:
My monster went upstairs and hid behind the toilet.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Marking sentences

Take a look at the sentences below and check whether they use capital letters and full stops correctly. Mark them by either saying the answer out loud or writing them down and marking them with a tick or a cross. The first one has been done for you.

  • i think there should be capital letter at the start.
  • The dog loved running in the field.
  • you were meant to go over there
  • There are hundreds of rabbits in the field.
  • The cat ran really quickly
  • it rained all day long.
  • I could not believe my eyes.
  • The wizard was very powerful
  • I think the weather is going to be nice tomorrow.

Activity 2: Let's write some instructions

Do you remember the story about Nelly the Monster Sitter in yesterday's lesson?
You can watch the video again if needed, then have a go at the activity below.

Actress Sarah Hadland reads Nelly the Monster Sitter.

Imagine you are teaching someone how to be a Monster Sitter. Write a list of equipment a Monster Sitter will need and then write some instructions outlining what they must do.

You'll need to:

  • Make sure your instructions are clear by numbering them.
  • Use capital letters at the start of each sentence and a full stop at the end.
  • Use multiple conjunctions in your instructions. These can be and, because, if and when. For example: You will need to cook the monster its food because it will be hungry. If you don't cook its food, it will get grumpy.

Activity 3: Building sentences using 'and'

Complete the Building sentences activity sheet below.

You can either print out the activity sheet or write the sentences on a piece of paper.

Building sentences using 'and'

Where next?

In this lesson you have used capital letters and full stops in sentences that contain joining words.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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