Revising similes and metaphors

Home learning focus

To revise similes and metaphors and use them in descriptive writing.

This lesson includes:

  • one video to remind you what similes and metaphors are

  • one video to inspire you

  • three activities

Learn

You have learnt about what similes and metaphors are in a previous lesson.

Today, you are going to practise using them creatively in your own descriptive writing.

Watch this short clip to remind yourself about the difference between these two writing tools before you start the activities. You could also take a look at the previous lesson if you missed it.

Revise metaphors and similes.

Metaphors

A metaphor is a word or a phrase used to describe something as if it were something else.

For example: Jess is dynamite.

Jess isn't made of dynamite, but it's a good way to explain how exciting she is.

Similes

A simile describes something by comparing it to something else using the words like or as.

For example:

  • She’s as feeble as a mouse.

Writers use similes and metaphors to create a clear picture for their readers.

For example: Using the simile 'the light was as bright as the sun' gives us more description than just saying 'the light was bright'.

Practise

You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Complete this similes and metaphors quiz to see how well you understood the video. Can you answer all four questions correctly?

Activity 2

Watch this video about the types of animals that live in snowy mountainous environments.

Afterwards, you’ll be writing some of your own similes and metaphors about what you see, so watch carefully.

Find out more about the types of animals that live on cold mountains.

Write down at least five similes and two metaphors inspired by the animals or scenes in the video.

You might find it helps to watch the video again. You could press pause when you see something you want to describe, write down your simile or metaphor, then carry on watching.

Top tip!

A simile uses the words like or as to compare something to something else.

  • For example: The owl was as white as snow.

A metaphor says something is something else.

  • For example: A blanket of snow covered the ground.

Activity 3

Lots of poets use similes and metaphors in their poetry.

Here's an example of a poem about a tiger, written entirely using similes and metaphors.

Tiger

Claws as sharp as daggers,

A mouth of deadly pearls.

Orange fur like fire,

Sneaking silently, a ninja.

Write your own poem about an animal using only similes and metaphors.
It could be one of the animals you saw in the film, but it doesn’t have to be.

You could also draw a picture to illustrate your poem.

Top tip!

If you need some inspiration, choose one of the animals below to write your poem about.

Where next?

In this lesson you have revised similes and metaphors and used them in your own descriptive writing.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you improve your creative writing.

There's more to learn

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