Analysing and performing poems

Home learning focus

Learn how to use analyse and perform poems.

This lesson includes:

  • three videos

  • three activities


Poetry is fantastic! It is a type of writing that is designed to bring out feelings (emotions) in the reader or the person who is listening to it being read aloud.

There are lots of different types of poem. Some have strict rules, such as limericks or haikus. On the other hand, some have less rules, such as free verse or narrative poems.

Watch this video to learn about the key features of various types of poem.

Learn how to get your ideas from your head and into your poem.


All poems have a subject – the thing that the poem is about. Poets can write about anything. For example, Robert Burns wrote about mice and even haggis!


Descriptive language that creates imagery (a picture in the mind of the reader) is important in poetry. Poems often include descriptive devices like:

  • Similes describe something by comparing it to something else, using like or as.

For example, the daffodils twirled like ballerinas.

  • Metaphors are a word or a phrase used to describe something as if it were something else.

For example, George had a lion’s heart (meaning he was brave).

  • Personification describes objects as if they are people.

For example, the daffodils were fluttering and dancing in the breeze.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Can you answer the questions in this poetry quiz?

Activity 2

Get your detective skills ready! Can you analyse the different poems in this activity?

Poetic detectives worksheet

Top tip!

You can work out the rhyme scheme of a poem by labelling the words that rhyme with each other. It will help you see the pattern of the poem.

For more about rhyming schemes, watch this video.

How to use rhyming schemes.

Activity 3

Now, watch this video about how poetry can be performed.

Playing with words with poet Joseph Coelho

Can you find a poem from activity 2 and perform it to someone in your family or in the mirror?

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt to analyse and perform poetry.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you to understand more about poetry:

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