Writing description using adjectives

Learning focus

To use adjectives (describing words) to add description to creative writing.

This lesson includes:

  • a video about using adjectives and expanded noun phrases in your writing

  • three activities


Describing words are also known as adjectives. They describe nouns (the names of things or of places).

You can use lots of adjectives in your sentences.

For example: My garden is full of lovely, colourful flowers.

Learn about how to add description to your writing using adjectives.

Expanded noun phrases

My garden is full of lovely, colourful flowers.

In this sentence, flowers is a noun, and lovely, colourful are adjectives.

When we add adjectives to a noun to give more information about it, it is called an expanded noun phrase.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Let's watch Barnaby

Watch this short video.

Learn all about allotments with Barnaby Bear.

After watching the video, explain to somebody at home what an allotment is.

  • Make sure you include lots of adjectives (describing words), like small and colourful.
  • You can watch the video again and make notes, if it helps.
  • See if you can talk for 30 seconds to somebody, describing what an allotment is.

Ready, steady, go!

Activity 2: Creating a magical plant

Imagine you could create a magical plant. What would it be?

Try to consider the following things:

  • What would be magical about your plant?
  • Would something magical grow on it?
  • What does your magical plant look like?
  • Does the magical plant have a name?

Write four sentences about your magical creation.

Remember to use capital letters and punctuation in your sentences and include lots of adjectives (describing words).

Maybe your plant is tall, prickly or pretty?

Once you've finished, talk to someone in your family and explain to them what makes your plant so magical.

Activity 3: Use your imagination

Choose four people that you know - these could be friends or family - and list all the things that each person really loves.

Then think of a magical plant for each person. For example, if one of your friends really loves football, you could have a tree that is covered in lots of footballs.

Draw each magical plant then label them with adjectives (describing words) to explain their special features.

Where next?

In this lesson you have used adjectives to add description to creative writing.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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