# The 10 times table

## Learning focus

Learn the 10 times table by counting in tens and looking at arrays and number patterns.

This lesson includes:

- one video
- four activities

# Learn

## The 10 times tables

Watch this KS1 Maths video from Supermovers and listen to Webster the Spider sing the 10 times tables.

## Counting in tens

Here is a counting pattern:

10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, …

This pattern **goes up in tens.**

From each number, we add 10 to get the next number.

Can you count on in tens to get to 120?

## Groups of 10

This array has 10 apples in each row.

There are 3 rows, making 3 lots of 10.

As repeated addition this is:

10 + 10 + 10

Or 3 lots of 10 is the same as 3 x 10 and 3 x 10 = 30

1 lot of 10 = 10 | 2 lots of 10 = 20 | 3 lots of 10 = 30 | 4 lots of 10 = 40 |

1 x 10 = 10 | 2 x 10 = 20 | 3 x 10 = 30 | 4 x 10 = 40 |

This set of number facts are from the 10 times table.

## Example 1:

**This number track shows the 10 times table. Some numbers are missing.**

Can you work out which numbers are missing?

How did you work out the missing numbers?

## Example 2:

**A box of pencils contains 10 pencils.**

**How many boxes of pencils will make 70 pencils?**

Through repeated addition this is:

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 70

Or you could do this through multiplication:

7 lots of 10 = 70

so 7 x 10 = *70*

## Top tip

Remember that every number in the 10 times table always ends in 0.

# Practise

## Activity 1

Practise counting up and down in tens from 0 to 120.

0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 | 110 | 120 |

120 | 110 | 100 | 90 | 80 | 70 | 60 | 50 | 40 | 30 | 20 | 10 | 0 |

Now, have a look at these four different representations showing groups of 10s.

Think about how you would show each one as:

**1.** an array

**2.** a repeated addition

**3.** a multiplication

## Activity 2

Have a go at this 10 times table interactive activity and see if you can get all the questions right.

## Activity 3

Now try this 10 times table interactive activity and see how you get on.

# Play

Test your skills on this topic even further by playing **Karate Cats Maths** - see if you can collect a new costume for your cat!

# There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources.