Exploring synonyms and antonyms

Home learning focus

To understand what synonyms and antonyms are and how they can improve your writing.

This lesson includes:

  • one video to help you learn about synonyms and antonyms

  • three activities


Synonyms are words with the same or similar meaning.

Antonyms are words with opposite meanings.

Watch this clip to see how using synonyms and antonyms can help to make your writing more exciting and less repetitive.

Synonyms are words with the same or similar meaning:

  • Words such as happy, cheerful and merry.

  • Words such as sad, miserable and heartbroken.

Antonyms are words with opposite meanings:

  • Words such as angry and peaceful.

  • Words such as funny and serious.

You can use a thesaurus to find synonyms and antonyms for words.

If you're not sure what a thesaurus is, have a look at the Bitesize Daily lesson on Using a thesaurus to find out more.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Label the words as synonyms or antonyms.

Pay close attention to your spelling.

Activity 2

Complete this 'Synonyms and Antonyms' activity sheet.

Remember: Synonyms have the same meaning and antonyms have the opposite meaning.

Top tip!

If any words are unfamiliar to you, use a dictionary or online dictionary to look them up.

Synonyms and Antonyms activity sheet

Activity 3

Complete the synonym word search.

You need to find 10 words in total: each word on the list plus a synonym for each word.

Click 'done' to check your answers.

Synonyms word search

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt about synonyms and antonyms.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you improve your writing.

More lessons for Year 4 and P5
More from KS2 English
KS2 English
Bitesize games
New children's books
Similar Words quiz