Using coordinating conjunctions

Home learning focus

To understand how to use coordinating conjunctions like because, if and when in sentences.

This lesson includes:

  • a video explaining coordinating conjunctions

  • three activities to do at home


Watch this short video to find out about coordinating conjunctions.

Conjunctions are also known as joining words.

Joining words, or coordinating conjunctions, are words like and, because, if and when.

We can use them to link two ideas together. For example:
We will need a net and we will need a box too.

A good thing about the joining words because, if and when, is that we can use them at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. For example:

  • You will need to be prepared because your monster might try to escape.
  • Because your monster might try to escape, you will need to be prepared.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Finding the conjunctions

Take a look at the sentence below and mark whether a coordinating conjunction is used. Use a tick if the sentence contains one and a cross if it doesn't. The first two have been done for you.

  • We need to go now if we want to be on time.
  • The dog loved running really fast on the field.
  • Because you're were well behaved, you can have a reward.
  • See how high you can jump in the air.
  • That cat is always eating because it's always hungry.
  • It's been raining all day long.
  • When I get home, I'm going to have some food and play my games.
  • I jumped even higher than the last person.
  • If I see you, I will say hello.

Activity 2: Highlight the conjunctions

Try the activity below and see if you can highlight all the coordinating conjunctions.

Activity 3: Let's write some instructions

Do you remember the story about Nelly the monster sitter in yesterday's lesson?
You can watch the video again if needed, then have a go at the activity below.

Actress Sarah Hadland reads Nelly the Monster Sitter.

Imagine you are teaching someone how to be a Monster Sitter. Write a list of equipment a Monster Sitter will need and then write some instructions outlining what they must do.

You'll need to:

  • Make sure your instructions are clear by numbering them.
  • Use capital letters at the start of each sentence and a full stop at the end.
  • Use multiple conjunctions in your instructions. These can be and, because, if and when. For example: You will need to cook the monster its food because it will be hungry. If you don't cook its food, it will get grumpy.

Where next?

In this lesson you have identified coordinating conjunctions in writing and used them yourself when writing instructions .

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

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