Short and long multiplication

Home learning focus

Learn how to solve short and long multiplication problems.

This includes:

  • one video
  • two worksheets
  • one interactive practise activity


Short multiplication

To multiply 237 by 4 without using a calculator, you can set it out like this:

1. Start with 4 x 7, which is 28, so write the 8 and carry the 2 to the tens column.
2. 4 x 3 = 12, but remember to add the carried 2 to get 14. Write the 4 and carry the 1 to the hundreds column.
3. 4 x 2 = 8, and we add the carried 1 to get 9.


237 x 4 = 948

This method is called short multiplication.

Long multiplication

This video from Maths with Parents will help you understand how to do long multiplication. Why not make some notes as you watch the video to help you remember later?


Activity 1

One-digit number multiplication worksheet

Recap on multiplication by a one-digit number with this worksheet from Twinkl.

One-digit number multiplication worksheet

Activity 2

Long multiplication worksheet

Challenge your skills at multiplying two-digit numbers with this worksheet from Maths-Whizz.

Long multiplication worksheet

Click here for the answer sheet.

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

Bitesize Daily lessons
KS2 Maths
Primary games