Using punctuation and paragraphs

Home learning focus

To recap basic punctuation and understand how to use paragraphs effectively.

This lesson includes:

  • two videos to help you understand punctuation and paragraphs

  • three activities


Remind yourself why we use punctuation by watching this short clip.

Learn about punctuation


Punctuation has an important job in our writing. If you punctuate your work properly, it makes it easier for the reader to understand what you have written!

These examples show how using punctuation incorrectly (or not at all) can completely change the meaning of the sentence.

  • Let’s eat James! (This person wants to eat James!)

It should be -

  • Let’s eat, James! (This person wants to eat with James!)


  • Tables are for eating customers only. (The tables are for eating customers, oh no!).

It should be -

  • Tables are for eating-customers only. (The tables are for customers who are eating!).

Remind yourself why we use paragraphs by watching this video.

What are paragraphs?


Paragraphs are a collection of sentences, usually about one topic. They are used in writing to introduce new sections of a story, characters or pieces of information. Paragraphs help readers to understand more easily what has been written because they break text up into easy-to-read sections.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Select the first word of each sentence where a new paragraph should begin.

Remember, each topic in a piece of text should have its own paragraph.

Activity 2

Watch this video all about the ‘problem’ with Brussels sprouts.

Persuading people to eat Brussels sprouts
  1. Watch the video once without making any notes.
  2. Watch the video again. Note down the key points made in the video.
  3. Imagine the speech in the video was written down as a piece of text. Can you think of a title for each paragraph/section?

Top tip!

One easy way to spot the start of a new paragraph in a book or magazine is to look for where the text has been ‘indented’ from the left margin. This is often a way that authors show where a new paragraph starts.

Activity 3

You can either print out this activity sheet or write your answers on a piece of paper.

Can you rewrite the information in this activity into paragraphs?

Paragraph sorting worksheet

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt to use punctuation and paragraphs.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you to understand more about commas and paragraphs:

There's more to learn

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KS2 English
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