# The 5 times table

## Learning focus

Learn the 5 times table by counting in fives and looking at arrays and number patterns.

This lesson includes:

• one video
• three activities

# Learn

Watch this Maths video from Bitesize and listen to the song all about the 5 times table.

## Counting in fives

Here is a counting pattern:

5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, …

This pattern goes up in fives.

From each number, we add 5 to get the next number.

Can you count on in fives to get to 60?

## Groups of 5

This array has 5 apples in each column.

There are 4 columns, making 4 lots of 5.

As a repeated addition this is written:

5 + 5 + 5 +5

Or 4 lots of 5 is the same as 4 x 5 and 4 x 5 = 20.

1 lot of 5 = 52 lots of 5 = 103 lots of 5 = 154 lots of 5 = 20
1 x 5 = 52 x 5 = 103 x 5 = 154 x 5 = 20

This set of number facts are from the 5 times table.

## Example 1:

This number track shows the 5 times table. Some numbers are missing.

• Can you work out which numbers are missing?

• How did you work out the missing numbers?

## Example 2:

How many 5p coins make 35p?

5p + 5p + 5p + 5p + 5p + 5p + 5p = 35p

Or you could do this through multiplication:

7 x 5 = 35

so 7 x 5p = 35p

## Top tip

Remember that every number in the 5 times table always ends in 0 or 5.

# Practise

## Activity 1

Draw an array for each multiplication fact in the 5 times table.

• What do you notice about the arrays you have drawn?

• How are they the same? How are they different?

Practise counting up and down in fives from 0 to 60.

051015202530354045505560
605550454035302520151050

## Activity 2

Now, have a look at these four different representations of 5s.

Think about how you would show each one as:

1. an array

3. a multiplication

## Activity 3

Have a go at this 5 times table interactive activity and see if you can get all the questions right.