# The 5 times table

## Home learning focus

Learn the 5 times table by counting in fives and looking at arrays and number patterns.

This lesson includes:

- one video
- three activities

# Learn

### The 5 times tables

Watch this KS1 Maths video from Bitesize and listen to the song all about the 5 times tables.

### Counting in fives

Here is a counting pattern:

5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, …

This pattern **goes up in fives.**

From each number, we add 5 to get the next number.

Can you count on in fives to get to 60?

### Groups of 5

This array has 5 apples in each column.

There are 4 columns, making 4 lots of 5.

As a repeated addition this is written:

5 + 5 + 5 +5

Or 4 lots of 5 is the same as 4 x 5 and 4 x 5 = 20.

1 lot of 5 = 5 | 2 lots of 5 = 10 | 3 lots of 5 = 15 | 4 lots of 5 = 20 |

1 x 5 = 5 | 2 x 5 = 10 | 3 x 5 = 15 | 4 x 5 = 20 |

This set of number facts are from the 5 times table.

### Example 1

**This number track shows the 5 times table. Some numbers are missing.**

Can you work out which numbers are missing?

How did you work out the missing numbers?

### Example 2

**How many 5p coins make 35p?**

Through repeated addition this is:

5p + 5p + 5p + 5p + 5p + 5p + 5p = 35p

Or you could do this through multiplication:

7 x 5 = 35

so 7 x 5p = *35p*

### Top tip

Remember that every number in the 5 times table always ends in **0 or 5.**

# Practise

## Activity 1

Draw an array for each multiplication fact in the 5 times table.

What do you notice about the arrays you have drawn?

How are they the same? How are they different?

Practise counting up and down in fives from 0 to 60.

0 | 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45 | 50 | 55 | 60 |

60 | 55 | 50 | 45 | 40 | 35 | 30 | 25 | 20 | 15 | 10 | 5 | 0 |

## Activity 2

Now, have a look at these four different representations of 5s.

Think about how you would show each one as:

**1.** an array

**2.** a repeated addition

**3.** a multiplication

## Activity 3

Have a go at this 5 times table interactive activity and see if you can get all the questions right.

## Activity 4

**Karate Cats**

Play the multiplication and division level of Karate Cats Maths - can you collect a cool new costume for your cats?

# There's more to learn...

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.