Using the word 'and' to join sentences when describing

Home learning focus

To use joining words when writing sentences about the ocean.

This lesson includes:

  • a video to help you use joining words

  • three activities to do at home


Play the short video below to find out about joining words.

See if you can spot all the times 'and' is used to join sentences.

The word and is a joining word that can be used in different ways.

It can be used to add more information to a sentence. For example:
I like fish and chips.

It can also be used to join two different clauses together. A clause is a group of words that contain a subject and a verb. For example:
I went upstairs and I found a spider.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1: Let's join our ideas

See if you can identify all the joining words in this short activity.

Activity 2: Discover the ocean

Watch this short video to find out about the ocean, then try the activity below.

Try and remember as much information about the ocean as possible.

There are lots of different things you can see in the ocean.

Complete the sentences below using 'and' to join the following words together. The first one has been done for you.

big - blue - small - plants - yellow - animals - large - wet

  • Some fish are yellow and blue.
  • Plankton is made up of lots of tiny...
  • In the ocean there are fish that are...
  • Oceans are...

Activity 3: Writing sentences using 'and'

Imagine you live deep in the ocean.

Write three sentences explaining what you can see. Try to use the word 'and' in each sentence.

Here is an example: I can see a whale and some seaweed.

Where next?

In this lesson you have practised using the word 'and' in sentences when writing about the ocean.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you.

There's more to learn

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KS1 English
Grammar & punctuation in Year 1
Using 'and' to join words