# Unit and non-unit fractions

## Home learning focus

Learn how to identify and write unit and non-unit fractions.

This includes:

- one quiz
- two interactives

# Learn

Did you know that there are different types of fractions?

The two types that we are looking at are called unit fractions and non-unit fractions. Both unit and non-unit fractions show us how much of the whole we are talking about.

## Unit fractions

A **unit fraction** is a fraction where the numerator (the number on the top of the fraction) is 1. The denominator (on the bottom) can be any other whole number. A good way to remember it is by remembering that unit means 1!

Here are some examples of unit fractions: ½, ¼ and ¹⁄₁₀

Can you think of any other unit fractions?

## Non-unit fractions

A **non-unit fraction** is a fraction where the numerator is greater than 1. The denominator can be any whole number.

Here are some examples of non-unit fractions: ⅖, ⁷⁄₁₂ and ¾

Can you think of any other non-unit fractions?

## Example 1:

Emma and Sophie shared a pizza that was cut into 6 pieces.

Sophie ate ⅙ of the pizza and Emma ate ⅚ of the pizza.

**Which of these two fractions is the non-unit fraction?**

Look carefully at the numerators. If it’s a non-unit fraction, we’re looking for a number that isn’t 1, so ⅚ is the non-unit fraction. That means ⅙ is a unit fraction.

## Example 2:

Take a look at this rectangle that has been split into 10. Some of the squares are different colours.

- ¹⁄₁₀ squares is yellow.
- ⁴⁄₁₀ squares are orange.
- ⁵⁄₁₀ squares are red.

**Which colour represents a unit fraction?**

Let’s look at the numerators. Remember, unit means 1 so look for the fraction that has 1 as the numerator.

Yellow represents the unit fraction since it is ¹⁄₁₀ of the rectangle.

# Practise

## Activity 1

Play this quiz to test your knowledge of unit, non-unit and mixed fractions.

## Activity 2

Can you highlight the unit fractions? Click on the hand icon to get started. Please scroll through the text to see all the options.

## Activity 3

Can you highlight the non-unit fractions? Please scroll through the text to see all the options.

# There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources.