Expanded noun phrases

Learning focus

To identify and be able to use expanded noun phrases.

This lesson includes:

  • one video to help you understand expanded noun phrases

  • three activities


Watch this short clip to learn what an expanded noun phrase is.

Learn about expanded noun phrases.

Noun phrase

A noun phrase is a simple phrase built around a noun.

It contains a determiner and a noun.

For example: a tree, some sweets, the castle

Expanded noun phrase

An expanded noun phrase adds more detail to the noun by adding one or more adjectives. An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

For example: a huge tree, some colourful sweets, the large, royal castle


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Check how well you understood the video by highlighting all the expanded noun phrases.

Top tip!

Look for the noun (person, place or thing) and then find the determiner and the adjective. All these together make an expanded noun phrase.

For example: The house was next to the huge lake.

The noun is 'lake', the determiner is 'the' and 'huge' is the adjective.

Activity 2

Complete the activity below by clicking on the words that make up an expanded noun phrase.

You will need to click on the determiner, noun and adjective(s) separately.

Activity 3

The sentences below about animals are boring!

Re-write them, adding in some adjectives to extend the noun phrases. The noun phrases you should focus on are in bold.

Remember, you can use more than one adjective. For example:

The dolphin jumped out of the water.
The beautiful, excited dolphin jumped out of the water.

  1. The monkey swung through the trees quickly.

  2. After sunset, the bats fly through the dark sky.

  3. In the river, the crocodile lies silently, waiting for its next dinner.

  4. The fur of the leopard stood on end when it saw the deer.

  5. In the sunshine, the lions stretch out their paws as they rest.

Now write three of your own sentences about different animals. They all need to include at least one expanded noun phrase.

Where next?

In this lesson you have identified and used expanded noun phrases.

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