Family and pets
Home learning focus
Learn to talk about family in Spanish
This lesson includes:
- three videos
- four activities
Watch this video to find out how to talk about family and pets in Spanish.
You can ask someone to describe their family by saying describe tu familia (describe your family).
You can then reply by saying:
- En mi familia hay… 'In my family there is…' followed by different family members.
Describe tu familia - Describe your family.
En mi familia hay mi padre, mi madrastra y mi hermanastra - In my family there is my father, my step-mother and my step-sister.
También tengo tres abuelos, una tía y tres primas - I also have three grandparents, an aunt and three (female) cousins.
Cuido de mi hermano menor - I care for my younger brother.
More useful words for talking about your family:
|En mi familia hay...||In my family there is...|
|cuido de…||I care for|
|mi padre||my dad|
|mi madre||my mum|
|mis padres||my parents|
|mis padres adoptivos/mis padres de acogida||my foster parents|
|mi hermano (menor)||my (younger) brother|
|mi hermana (mayor)||my (older) sister|
|mi padrastro||my step-dad|
|mi madrastra||my step-mum|
|mi hermanastro||my step-brother|
|mi hermanastra||my step-sister|
|mi medio hermano||my half brother|
|mi media hermana||my half sister|
|mi abuelo||my grandfather|
|mi abuela||my grandmother|
|mis abuelos||my grandparents|
|mi tío||my uncle|
|mi tía||my aunt|
|mi primo||my cousin (male)|
|mi prima||my cousin (female)|
Describing family members
There are two words for ‘my’ in Spanish: mi (singular) and mis (plural).
Mi padre es alto - My dad is tall.
Mis padres son altos - My parents are tall.
Name and age
Use se llama to say what someone (he or she) is called.
Use tiene (he/she has, from the verb 'to have' to talk about his or her age.
Mi madrastra se llama Lisa - My step-mum is called Lisa.
Paco tiene cuarenta años - Paco is forty years old.
Mi media hermana se llama Olivia y tiene doce años - My half-sister is called Olivia and she is twelve years old.
You need numbers to describe ages and the number of brothers or sisters you have.
Watch this video from Manchester City striker Sergio Agüero to recap on using Spanish numbers up to twelve.
Use the table below and write three sentences about people in your family.
|se llama||he/she is called|
|tiene … años||he/she is … years old|
|se llaman||they are called|
|tienen … años||they are … years old|
You can ask someone what pets they have like this:
- ¿Qué animales tienes en casa? - What pets do you have at home?
And reply with En casa tengo… (At home I have…) followed by the pets you have.
- En casa tengo un perro y dos conejos - At home I have a dog and two rabbits.
If you don’t have any pets, say:
- No tengo animales - I don’t have any pets.
Watch this video of Ashleigh talking to her Spanish friend Cristina about her family and Christmas.
See how much of the vocabulary you understand. Use the captions and write down any new phrases.
Highlight the right words
Take the quiz
Spanish family flash cards
Test your knowledge of talking about family in Spanish with these flash cards from Quizlet.