Family and pets

Home learning focus

Learn to talk about family in Spanish

This lesson includes:

  • three videos
  • four activities



Watch this video to find out how to talk about family and pets in Spanish.

Talking about family and pets in Spanish.

Describing family

You can ask someone to describe their family by saying describe tu familia (describe your family).

You can then reply by saying:

  • En mi familia hay… 'In my family there is…' followed by different family members.

For example:

  • Describe tu familia - Describe your family.

  • En mi familia hay mi padre, mi madrastra y mi hermanastra - In my family there is my father, my step-mother and my step-sister.

  • También tengo tres abuelos, una tía y tres primas - I also have three grandparents, an aunt and three (female) cousins.

  • Cuido de mi hermano menor - I care for my younger brother.

More useful words for talking about your family:

En mi familia hay...In my family there is...
cuido de…I care for
mi padremy dad
mi madremy mum
mis padresmy parents
mis padres adoptivos/mis padres de acogidamy foster parents
mi hermano (menor)my (younger) brother
mi hermana (mayor)my (older) sister
mi padrastromy step-dad
mi madrastramy step-mum
mi hermanastromy step-brother
mi hermanastramy step-sister
mi medio hermanomy half brother
mi media hermanamy half sister
mi abuelomy grandfather
mi abuelamy grandmother
mis abuelosmy grandparents
mi tíomy uncle
mi tíamy aunt
mi primomy cousin (male)
mi primamy cousin (female)

Describing family members

There are two words for ‘my’ in Spanish: mi (singular) and mis (plural).

For example:

  • Mi padre es alto - My dad is tall.

  • Mis padres son altos - My parents are tall.

Name and age

Use se llama to say what someone (he or she) is called.

Use tiene (he/she has, from the verb 'to have' to talk about his or her age.

For example:

  • Mi madrastra se llama Lisa - My step-mum is called Lisa.

  • Paco tiene cuarenta años - Paco is forty years old.

  • Mi media hermana se llama Olivia y tiene doce años - My half-sister is called Olivia and she is twelve years old.


You need numbers to describe ages and the number of brothers or sisters you have.

Watch this video from Manchester City striker Sergio Agüero to recap on using Spanish numbers up to twelve.

Sergio is from Argentina in South America. The Spanish spoken there can sound slightly different to that in Spain. Sergio pronounces ‘c’ and ‘z’ as an ‘s’ sound whereas in Spain they pronounce these letters as a ‘th’ sound.

Use the table below and write three sentences about people in your family.

se llamahe/she is called
tiene … añoshe/she is … years old
se llamanthey are called
tienen … añosthey are … years old


You can ask someone what pets they have like this:

  • ¿Qué animales tienes en casa? - What pets do you have at home?

And reply with En casa tengo… (At home I have…) followed by the pets you have.

For example:

  • En casa tengo un perro y dos conejos - At home I have a dog and two rabbits.

If you don’t have any pets, say:

  • No tengo animales - I don’t have any pets.
A Jack Russell dog lying on a patch of grass

Tengo un perro - I have a dog

1 of 6

Watch this video of Ashleigh talking to her Spanish friend Cristina about her family and Christmas.

See how much of the vocabulary you understand. Use the captions and write down any new phrases.

Ashleigh finds out how to talk about family and traditions in Spanish with her friend Cristina.


Activity 1

Highlight the right words

Activity 2

Take the quiz

Activity 3

Spanish family flash cards

Test your knowledge of talking about family in Spanish with these flash cards from Quizlet.

Family in Spanish

Activity 4

Family tree worksheet

Take it further and practise writing about your family tree with Twinkl.

Family tree worksheet

There's more to learn

More lessons for Year 3 and P4
KS2 Spanish
Primary Spanish