Cook pancakes on the hob

Home learning focus

Learn how to make fluffy pancakes.

This lesson includes:

  • two videos on making fluffy pancakes and using baking powder

  • three activities to try at home

Created in partnership with BBC Food.


Nadiya Hussain, cook and winner of 'The Great British Bake Off', makes a simple fluffy pancake with a pineapple ring in the middle.

This is a fun and clever way to have breakfast or dessert.

Nadiya's upside-down pineapple pancakes

Baking powder contains a type of salt called bicarbonate of soda, which is used to make the volcano eruption in the video below, from 'Nina and the Neurons'.

When you add baking powder to your pancake batter, a similar reaction happens and all those bubbles that made the volcano erupt make the pancake fluffy.

They would be flat without it!

The secret to really fluffy pancakes is a… Volcano?


Now you can try and put some of what you have learned about making pancakes into action.

Activity 1

See the bubbles in action

Put ½ teaspoon of baking powder in three bowls:

1. In the first bowl, pour in 50 ml of water from the tap - if your baking powder is fresh it will fizz

2. In the second bowl, add the same amount (50 ml) of boiling water from the kettle - What do you notice?

3. To the third bowl, mix 45 ml of cold water and a teaspoon of vinegar and pour the vinegar water in - What do you notice?

Baking powder is activated by heat and acids, like the vinegar.

When the pancakes are heated, you will see the bubbles that will eventually make the pancakes fluffy.

Activity 2

Making pineapple pancakes

Watch how the pancake rises when it’s being cooked - this is that reaction similar to the volcano eruption!

When lots of bubbles appear on the surface, that means it’s ready to flip over to cook on the other side.

The pancake will rise to about 1 cm thick - check yours with a ruler!

You may need to get an adult to help you when frying the pancakes and opening the pineapple tin.

Pineapple pancakes recipe


  • Mixing bowl
  • Wooden spoon
  • Measuring jug
  • Frying pan
  • Spatula


  • Plain flour
  • Baking powder
  • Caster sugar
  • Milk
  • Egg
  • Butter
  • Pineapple rings - You can use other tinned fruit such as pear, peaches, or fresh, thinly sliced apple, raspberries or blueberries

Activity 3

Dairy and egg-free pancakes

You can make fluffy pancakes without eggs or dairy milk too.

Dairy and egg-free pancake recipe

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

More lessons to help with learning at home
KS2 on BBC Bitesize
Food technology class clips
Food and nutrition
Food and nutrition
BBC Food