Introduction to Antarctica

Home learning focus

Learn about Antarctica and where to find it on our planet.

This lesson includes:

  • two animations about Antarctica

  • one short film showing landmarks of Antarctica

  • a list of key words to help when describing places

  • three activities to build on your knowledge


Find out all about Antarctica, one of the coldest places in the world.

Watch this short video from Go Jetters for a short introduction to Antarctica.

The Go Jetters introduce Antarctica

Antarctica is a continent of land at the very bottom of our planet.

It is a desert - but it's not hot, it's really, really cold.

The winter temperature can be minus 60°C.

It's called a desert because it hardly ever rains.

Watch this video to learn about Antartica

During the summer, the sun never sets so it is light all the time.

In the winter, it is dark all of the time.

No people live in Antarctica permanently.

Not many animals live there apart from penguins and seals.

Watch this video to see what Antarctica looks like.

Key words

  • Blizzard - a very big snowstorm blown around by extreme winds.
  • Mountain - an area of land that is higher than 600 metres and usually has a peak.
  • Ocean - a very large area of salty water.
  • Peninsula - an area of land that extends out from a larger piece of land and is mostly surrounded by water.


There are lots of fun things to do to help you remember what you've learnt about Antarctica.

Here are a few you could try:

Activity 1

Drag and drop Antarctica

Do you remember what we saw in Antarctica?

Drag the things that Freya saw in Antarctica onto the picture in the game below.

Activity 2

Create a postcard

Pretend you have visited Antarctica! Write a postcard home explaining what it is like.

Download and print out the activity sheet below from Britannica Digital Learning or draw a postcard on a piece of paper.

Create an Antarctica post card

Activity 3

Play Pirate Bunnies: World Adventures

Are you ready for an adventure?

Hop on Captain Carrot’s ship and explore the UK and the rest of the world with the Pirate Bunnies.

You can earn treasure by completing quests.

Click to play the game

Where next?

This lesson has introduced the continent of Antarctica.

Find out more with BBC Teach: Go Jetters - Continent of Antarctica

Polar explorers in Antarctica

You might also be interested in

The World - Continents with David Attenborough

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

More lessons for Year 1 and P2
KS1 Geography on BBC Bitesize
KS1 Geography on BBC Teach
Go Jetters visit Antarctica
Antarctica with Britannica
Climate change on the Geographical Association
Antarctica with Quizlet