The Month of Ramadan

Learn all about how and why Muslims participate in the month of Ramadan and how they celebrate at the end of the month with Eid ul-Fitr.

This lessons includes:

  • Three videos
  • Three activities to try at home

Learn

Drawing is a key part of developing any art, craft or design work.

It is an important method of researching, investigating, developing and communicating ideas.

Watch this clip to hear about how young artist Kate Powell approaches drawing.

During the month of Ramadan, Muslims won't eat or drink during the hours of daylight. This is called fasting. Children are not expected to fast until they reach puberty, usually around the age of 14.

Watch this video in which eleven-year-old Sara shows us family life during the month of Ramadan.

When is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The exact dates of Ramadan change every year. This is because Islam uses a calendar based on the cycles of the Moon.

In 2020 in the UK, Ramadan begins in the evening of Thursday 23 April and ends on Saturday 23 May.

Ramadan starts when the new Moon first appears in the night sky. Full moon marks the middle of Ramadan. As the moon wanes to the other side, Ramadan finishes.

Fasting during Ramadan

Watch this video to hear different Muslims reflect on what Ramadan means to them.

The story of Abdullah during Ramadan

During Ramadan charity and giving to others is very important.

The story of Abdullah is about a poor blind man who picks up ten gold coins dropped accidentally by a merchant at the start of Ramadan. The story contains important morals about greed, charity and giving to others. Watch this clip to see the whole story.

The End of Ramadan: Eid ul-fitr

The end of Ramadan is marked by a big celebration called 'Eid ul-Fitr' (the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast).

Muslims are not only celebrating the end of fasting, but thanking Allah for the strength he gave them throughout the previous month.

Mosques hold special services and a special meal is eaten during daytime (the first daytime meal for a month).

During Eid ul-Fitr Muslims dress in their finest clothes, give gifts to children and spend time with their friends and family. Muslims will also give money to charity at Eid.

Practise

Activity 1

Ramadan is a brilliant time to reflect on things that make you grateful and happy. Download and print this worksheet from Twinkl to record positive thoughts for the month.

You will need: a pen or pencil.

Ramadan - Thought for the day calendar

Activity 2

Test your knowledge of the month of Ramadan with this worksheet from Twinkl

You will need: a pen or pencil

Ramadan worksheet

Activity 3

Just as Muslims go without food and drink during Ramadan, people have had to give up lots of things during the lockdown. Muslims make special plans for the end of Ramadan. What special plans would you like to make for when lockdown ends?

Use this activity from Twinkl to help you make future family plans.

You will need: a jar, small pieces of paper (you can cut them out from the worksheet or make your own), a jar label, and ribbons to decorate your jar.

Ramadan Future Family Plans

There's more to learn

Have a look at these other resources around the BBC and the web.

Bitesize Daily lessons
KS2 Religious Education
Primary Religious Studies