Revision: Analysing texts and writing with nouns

Home learning focus

Learn how to analyse texts.

This lesson includes:

  • three videos

  • three activities


In this lesson, we'll be revising how to write using nouns. After that, we will look at how to understand a text through skimming and scanning.

Nouns are words which name something - for example, a person, an object or a feeling. They are very important when writing because they make up a key part of any sentence.

Common nouns - these label an object, person or place. For example:

  • table

  • teacher

  • school

Proper nouns - these are the specific names of a person, place or thing. They always begin with a capital letter. For example:

  • Mohammed

  • London

Expanded Noun Phrases

Expanded noun phrases tell you more about the noun.

For example, the elephant can be expanded to the wise elephant.

These phrases contain a determiner, an adjective and a noun.

We know ‘the wise elephant’ is an expanded noun phrase because it contains:

  • a determiner (the)

  • an adjective (wise)

  • a noun (elephant)

Watch this video about expanded noun phrases.

Learn about expanded noun phrases.

There are lots of ways to find facts and information from a text. Two of the best methods are skimming and scanning.


Skimming is letting your eyes and mind ‘skim’ over the text to get a quick but very general idea of it. You can’t read the text closely when skimming it, but instead you aim to pick out key words and sentences to get the general feel and meaning of the text.

A topic or introduction sentence is often the first in a paragraph. You should always read it fully even when skimming as this will give you a summary of that paragraph’s subject.


Scanning is the method of looking for key words or phrases to find out specific information. It is most useful for answering questions about a text.

Now that you've revised skimming and scanning, watch this video to learn about the difference between facts and opinions.


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Check your understating of expanded noun phrases by tackling these two activities.

Activity 2

Watch this video about Mary Seacole. Remember your skimming and scanning skills, and try the activity that follows.

The life of Mary Seacole.

Activity 3

To explore vocabulary choices and your knowledge of Mary Seacole further, try this fun acrostic poem activity. Use her life as inspiration for one of your poems.

Acrostic poem worksheet

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt how to write and analyse texts.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you to understand more reading texts:

More Year 5 and P6 lessons
Bitesize Daily lessons
KS2 English
Primary games
KS2 English
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