To identify and use nouns and pronouns

Home learning focus

Learn about identifying and using nouns and pronouns.

In this lesson there are:

  • two videos to help you understand nouns and pronouns

  • three activities.



Nouns have an important job - to name things or places, like ‘picture’, ‘dog' or ‘Leroy’.

There are two main types of noun:

Common nouns

These are the names of things (places or objects).

Proper nouns

These are the names of a particular person, place or thing. They always begin with a capital letter.

For example, Leroy is a monster and lives in a tree. 'Leroy' is a proper noun and 'monster' and 'tree' are common nouns.

Expanded noun phrases

Expanded noun phrases tell you more about the noun.

For example, ‘the cat’ can be expanded to ‘the cute cat’.

This phrase contains a determiner, an adjective and a noun.

We know ‘the cute cat’ is an expanded noun phrase because it contains:

  • a determiner (the)
  • an adjective (cute)
  • a noun (cat)

Now, watch this short clip to understand what pronouns are.

Learn about expanded noun phrases.

Watch this short clip to remind you what nouns and expanded noun phrases are.

Learn about pronouns


Pronouns take the place of nouns in a sentence, examples are 'him', 'her' and 'them'.

Pronouns can replace a noun for an individual or a group of people.

For example:

For an individual, ‘Call Amir!’ could be replaced with ‘Call him!’ Or for a group, ‘Tell the guards!’ could be replaced with ‘Tell them!’


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

In the first activity, highlight any pronouns you can see:

In this activity, highlight the words that could be replaced with pronouns:

Activity 2

Watch the following clip about the inventor Delia Derbyshire. Can you create five sentences that include both a pronoun or an expanded noun phrase based on the video?

Dick and Dom discover the work of inventor Delia Derbyshire

Examples in the video:

  • 'the simplest sound’ (expanded noun phrase)
  • ‘she didn't just come up with a catchy tune’ (pronoun and expanded noun phrase).

Top tip!

Using pronouns can make your writing less repetitive by reducing the amount of time you repeat someone or an object’s name.

Expanded noun phrases give more detail and will help the person reading your work create an image of what you are describing in their mind.


  • 'he jumped in the mysterious Tardis'
  • 'she was a visionary scientist'
  • ‘they worked to create a unique type of music'.

Activity 3

Have a go at one of these worksheets to explore pronouns further.

Pronouns activity sheet

There are three levels of worksheet:

  • 1 star: you want more practice
  • 2 star: you feel confident
  • 3 star: you feel super confident

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt about using pronouns.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you to understand more about nouns, verbs and expanded noun phrases:

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