Using prepositions in setting descriptions

Home learning focus

Learn how to use prepositions for effect in a setting description.

This lesson includes:

  • three videos

  • three activities


Noun phrases are useful in any setting description. Remind yourself how to use them by watching this fun video.

Learn about noun phrases

Learn about prepositions by watching these two clips.

This first video is an introduction to prepositions.

Introduction to prepositions

Watch this video to find out about prepositions in more detail.

Learn about prepositions


A preposition is a word that tells you where or when something is in relation to something else.

Examples of prepositions include words like after, before, on, under, inside and outside.


‘After walking for miles Rossa rested on a hill’

In this sentence 'after' tells you when he rested and 'on' tells you where he rested.

Prepositional Phrases

A prepositional phrase adds more detail to your preposition.

Prepositional phrases often include a noun or pronoun and sometimes an adjective too!

They can be put in different places within your sentence. Often they are placed at the beginning or end of a sentence.


‘Behind the huge tree, stood a golden unicorn statue’

Here, the prepositional phrase is at the start of the sentence and includes a:

  • preposition (behind)
  • determiner (the)
  • adjective (huge)
  • noun (tree)


You may need paper and a pen or pencil for some of these activities.

Activity 1

Can you highlight the prepositions in the text?

Activity 2

1) Look at this picture of a waterfall.

Person standing in front of a waterfall

2) Think carefully about you can see. Write down five ideas.

3) Write three descriptive sentences about the image that include a preposition or prepositional phrase at the start of your sentence.


'Far below the booming waterfall, a man stood staring at its enticing glow.'

‘High above in the twilight sky, the glowing light danced in the man’s eyes.’

Top tip!

  • Remember, prepositions or prepositional phrases can be used in different places within your sentences. In this example, a prepositional phrase has been used at the end of the sentence:

‘The dragon focused in on the cascading waterfall as he flew within the thick cloud’.

Activity 3

You can either print out this activity sheet or write your answers on a piece of paper.

Try this 'Messy Bedroom' worksheet to explore prepositions further:

A messy bedroom worksheet

Where next?

In this lesson you have learnt about prepositions.

There are other useful articles on Bitesize to help you to understand more about prepositions and settings:

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